Teens can get different types of acne on the face. Moreover, sometimes, when acne persists into adulthood, it seems like an unfair situation. After all, once you cross puberty, your hormones are supposed to settle down, and you are not supposed to be content with zits! However, everyone may not be so lucky. That is, it is important to know more about acne, particularly hormonal acne so that you can take preventive measures.
Usually, the main causes of acne are excessive sebum and bacteria. However, hormones also have a role to play. When a woman’s female hormones dip, androgen levels in proportion become higher. This causes the skin to produce more sebum, leading to clogged pores and subsequently breakouts. This kind of acne is often known as hormonal acne
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne
For decades, doctors have been using birth control pills as a way to prevent hormonal acne. Pills that contain estrogen and progesterone tend to lower androgen levels in the body and this, in turn, prevents hormonal acne from occurring. However, if women are satisfied with their existing birth control pills, there are other ways to prevent hormonal acne.
To prevent hormonal acne, you need to incorporate a multi-pronged skin care regimen. Use the following skin care tips to prevent breakouts due to hormone fluctuations:
Use a Gentle Face Cleanser
Keep your face clean and oil-free by washing it twice a day with a gentle cleanser. This will remove dirt, makeup, and oil that tend to clog pores, causing bacteria to proliferate. Avoid cleansing your face too often, as it will be counterproductive. Your skin will become dry, leading to more production of sebum.
Topical Acne Treatment
After you finish cleaning your face, apply a topical acne treatment. Stay away from products containing benzoyl peroxide, as it will dry your skin. Instead, use an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory gel that contains Dapsone, which prevents acne and is perfect for female skin.
Even though you may have greasy and oily skin, your skin requires regular moisturization. You can get non-comedogenic moisturizers that are oil-free. Use this moisturizer on your face, particularly those areas that feel dry after cleansing the face.
It has been observed when women have lower levels of good bacteria in their gut, and they are more prone to hormonal acne. So consume yogurt with live culture once a day. It will prevent inflammation in the gut, which can lead to acne.
Stay Away from Dairy Milk
Dairy milk contains hormones that can trigger hormonal acne. So you want to eliminate it from your diet. Instead, consume almond milk, which contains all the vital nutrients for clear and healthy skin.
Also, learn to de-stress and be physically active. Exercise increases circulation, and this can prevent breakouts, whereas reducing your stress levels will have a positive impact on your hormone levels.
While you can take these measures to keep your hormone levels in check, when your period is due, all levels will go haywire. It is a natural process of your body. Thankfully, you can prevent hormonal acne before your period.
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne Before Period?
Before you get your periods, estrogen and progesterone levels will fall as conception has not taken place. This will cause the androgen levels to rise in comparison. This is one of the reasons you get symptoms, like hormonal acne, associated with PMS.
The good news is, you can prevent the breakout of hormonal acne before your period.
Unclog the Pores
You can use OTC products to contain salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide to clean your face twice a day. This will help exfoliate your skin and also remove excessive oil, dirt and makeup from the skin, leaving the pores clean. You should begin using the cleanser ten days before your period begins. This way, you won’t have to worry about getting acne. However, it is best to make skin cleaning a daily part of your skin care routine.
Change Your Diet
Hormonal acne is an inflammatory skin problem. Hence, it is prudent to avoid any food that causes inflammation in the body, including the skin. There is no need to go overboard. The foods that you should be looking to eliminate from your diet are caffeine, sugar and dairy. These are inflammatory in nature and trigger hormonal acne.
Take nutritional supplements regularly to prevent hormone acne before your period. Dermatologists recommend taking mineral zinc to reduce breakouts and amino acid L-carnitine to boost the appearance of your skin. Consult your doctor to find out how much zinc and L-carnitine you should consume to get the desired results.
Since hormonal acne is due to hormone fluctuations, you can speak to your doctor about taking birth control pills containing spirolactone. This pill is effectively against hormonal acne before period and can show immediate results unlike traditional birth control pills that can take up to three months to produce results.
Many women may not be conducive to using medications to combat their hormonal acne, especially before their period. For such women, there are natural remedies available that appear to be effective.
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne Naturally?
If you are not keen on using birth control pills, antibiotics or topical medicated creams to treat your hormonal acne, you needn’t worry as there are natural treatments available to prevent this type of acne on the face. In fact, many women turn to natural remedies after all other treatments for hormonal acne fail.
Lower Your Stress Levels
Stress affects your hormone levels so you definitely don’t want to have high stress levels as it will cause your hormonal acne to flare up. When you are stressed, cortisol levels rise and this, in turn, causes an increase in androgen levels, which causes a breakout of hormonal acne. Learn to meditate, do breathing exercises or physical activities to bust stress and calm yourself down.
Avoid Sugar Laden Foods
Any foods that cause a spike in your sugar levels should be eliminated from your diet. High glycemic index foods can cause a rise in your sugar levels, leading to hormonal imbalances and subsequently acne. So avoid foods like potatoes, rice and white flour products. Instead, consume quinoa, green veggies and sweet potatoes.
Increase Intake of Essential Fatty Acids
Omega fatty acids are anti-inflammatory in nature and help balance hormones and reduce levels of male sex hormones in your body. You can get essential fatty acids from evening primrose oil, oily fish, fish oil, avocadoes, flaxseed, algae, nuts and seeds.
Include Anti-Androgens in Your Daily Diet
There are some edibles that can reduce androgen levels. So these are items that you should be looking to incorporate in your daily diet. Anti-androgens include green tea, spearmint tea, fermented cod liver oil, superior quality pumpkin seed oil and nettle infusion.
Increase Your Amino Acid and Mineral Intake
Look to consume more zinc and L-carnitine amino acid. These supplements will make your skin look great. Consult your dietician or physician to find out how to, you can get these supplements naturally from your food.
If you get hormonal acne regularly, one stop that will be prone to comedones will be your chin. It can be frustrating waking up one fine morning and seeing that your chin has become a farm of acne.
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne on Chin?
Your chin is prone to hormonal acne, particularly after you cross 35. While natural methods to combat hormonal acne may produce results on the rest of your face, your chin requires different preventive measures.
Here are a few tips that will teach you how to prevent hormonal acne on chin.
Stop Eating Dairy
Your excretory system removes anything from your body that does not agree with it. However, dairy products form mucus and this makes it difficult for the body to digest and eliminate it. If you consume too much dairy, you will end up with hormonal acne on your chin, especially if you are prone to this form of acne. Remember cows after given growth hormones, which are present in the dairy products you consume. So it will cause a change in your hormones, resulting in more sebum production.
Don’t Touch Your Chin
Touch is the best way to transfer bacteria from one part of the skin to another. If you have the habit of resting your chin on your hand, chances are high you suffer from hormonal acne on the chin as your hand will can transference of bacteria. Before touching your chin or face, make it a point to watch your hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Keep Your Mobile Clean
Mobile devices touch numerous surfaces and pick up dirt and bacteria. If you don’t clean your mobile every day, you will cause these bacteria to move from the mobile to your skin, your chin in particular.
Keep the Pores Clean
If you had hormonal acne on the chin before and they have not purged completely, you will have closed comedones on the chin. Get a professional facial done to clean out these clogged pores otherwise they will keep infecting your chin. Once the pores are cleaned, maintain a skin care routine comprising of cleansers, masks and moisturizers suited for your skin type.
Women combating hormonal acne may find that in the first blush of pregnancy, the breakouts get worse. However, there is a reason for this.
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy is fraught with numerous changes in the body, and one such change is hormones. Fluctuating hormone levels in the first trimester is the cause for hormonal acne during pregnancy. This skin problem is very common, with one in two pregnant women complaining of hormonal acne.
During your first trimester, you will have increased hormone levels. As a result, your skin will produce more sebum, leading to the development of hormonal acne. You are more likely to get hormonal acne during pregnancy if you have a history of acne. Also, it is prudent to note that if you do not get acne during the first trimester, the chances are slim that you will have breakouts for the rest of your pregnancy.
Avoid OTC Acne Treatments
During pregnancy, don’t apply OTC acne treatments as the ingredients present in these formulations can result in birth defects. The rule of the thumb is to avoid any medication, oral or topical if there is any chance of harming the baby.
The good news is you can easily treat hormonal acne during pregnancy with self-care or certain medications as long as your obstetrician prescribes them.
Keep Your Face Clean
Wash your face twice a day using lukewarm water and mild facial cleanser. Avoid any product, such as face scrub, mask or astringent that can irritate your skin. Irritation will cause your skin to produce more sebum, which will aggravate your acne or cause a breakout.
Shampoo Your Hair Daily
Dandruff and sebum along the hairline can often result in pregnant women getting hormonal acne along their hairline. So it is best to shampoo your hair daily to prevent the build-up of natural oils and dirt. This will prevent hormonal acne during pregnancy.
Avoid Oil-Based Cosmetics Products
Any cosmetic that is greasy or oil-based will irritate your skin. Hence, stay away from them. Check your concealer, sunscreen, makeup and hairstyling products. If they contain oils, stop using them. Instead, opt for non-comedogenic products or water-based products to prevent hormonal acne during pregnancy.
Check Your Zinc Levels
Often pregnant women have low zinc levels, which can trigger hormonal acne during pregnancy. Also, reduced zinc levels slow down the healing process of the body, including the skin. So ask your doctor to check your zinc levels and if they are low, start zinc supplements to prevent acne while you are pregnant.
Hormonal acne may plague you for the most part of your adult life. So, if you know how to prevent, or at least minimize, breakouts, you will feel much better. Usually, it begins with a stringent skincare routine and incorporating other measures prevent breakouts.
How to Prevent Hormonal Acne Breakouts
It can be tough dealing with hormonal acne. With hormones wreaking havoc in your body during menstruation, puberty, pregnancy or when you are highly stressed, you can get breakouts if you are prone to acne. The good news is, you can prevent breakouts by adopting the following measures:
Hormones cause your skin to produce more natural oils, which trap dirt and bacteria on the skin. These clog pores, causing inflammation and zits. If you shower in the morning every day and wash your skin and hair thoroughly with mild soap, shampoo, and lukewarm water, you can reduce the amount of sebum your skin produces. This, in turn, will prevent or minimize breakouts.
Learn to De-stress
Stress and anxiety cause your cortisol levels to rise. This hormone stimulates the sebaceous glands. With more oils and grease on your face, chances of breakouts increase. So learn to de-stress by practicing breathing techniques, yoga or meditation.
Take Prescription Medications
There are prescription medications that can control and minimize your hormonal levels. Birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone are the preferred choice, as they increase female hormones in comparison to male hormones in the body. As a result, the sebaceous glands are not stimulated to produce sebum, thereby reducing breakouts of hormonal acne.
Cease Taking Acne-Causing Medications
There are some medications, such as antidepressants or corticosteroids that can result in hormonal acne. If you stop taking these medicines, you can prevent hormonal acne breakouts. Consult your doctor right away to find replacements for your allergy medication and antidepressants.
As stated earlier, in many cases hormonal acne is commonplace. However, what happens if you have to deal with deep-seated acne. This kind of hormonal acne is known as hormonal cystic acne. They can be painful and large and unsightly.
How to Prevent Hormonal Cystic Acne?
If you are wondering what is causing my cystic acne, read on to find all the answers. Usually, hormonal cystic acne can afflict anyone from a teenager to a person in their 20s. However, an individual may also get it when they are older or younger. Hormonal cystic acne is more common in men than women.
While dermatologists are unsure of what causes hormonal cystic acne, they are certain androgens have a role to play. In teenage boys, androgen levels tend to increase, causing the skin to produce more sebum, leading to clogged pores. This results in the acne breakout. In a case of women, androgen levels increase if they are going to get their menstrual period, pregnancy, menopause or have PCOS.
There is also a genetic component to hormonal cystic acne. If one parent had this skin condition, the chances of an offspring developing it is high.
Preventing Hormonal Cystic Acne
It is a waste of time trying OTC acne and pimple medications for hormonal cystic acne. It is imperative you consult a dermatologist for preventing hormonal cystic acne breakouts.
• Oral Antibiotics: Taking antibiotics can control acne-causing bacteria and also aid in the reduction of inflammation
• Birth Control Pills: Women can regulate their hormone levels by taking birth control pills with both estrogen and progesterone
• Exfoliation: Use a rice-based exfoliant to remove dead skin cells gently, dirt, grime, and bacteria. This type of exfoliant does not dry the skin
• Stay in the Sun: Apply a water-based, non comedogenic sunscreen and spend some time out in the sunshine. The ultraviolet rays present in sunlight will kill the bacteria, preventing hormonal cystic acne
• Consume Probiotics: Consume yogurt with natural culture to increase beneficial bacteria in your body. This will help the skin, preventing breakouts of hormonal cystic acne.
You can get hormonal acne at any age, though it most common among teenage girls and young women. The good thing is, now you know how to use different prevent measures that are effective against hormonal acne. So go ahead and use these remedies to prevent breakouts and enjoy a blemish-free skin.